Nobel peace prize winners list 2010: how does Liu Xiaobo compare to previous medal holders?


The Nobel Peace Prize winner's list now includes Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. Get the full winner's list here and see who else has won

The Nobel Peace Prize for 2010 has gone to China's best-known dissident, Liu Xiaobo — who is presently in a prison cell where he is serving 11 years for incitement to subvert state power.

The Norwegian Nobel committee praised Liu Xiaobo for his "long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China. The ... committee has long believed that there is a close connection between human rights and peace." As the news was announced, transmission of both BBC news and CNN television channels was interrupted in China.

So, who wins the Nobel Peace Prize? A number of Chinese dissidents signed a letter in support of Liu Xiaobo. In an article backing him for the prize, the philosopher Xu Youyu wrote:

His activities in 1989 can be seen as formative in the entirety of his following writings and other works, characterised by an unwavering bravery and refusal to back down in the face of danger and suppression, by the pursuit and defence of human rights, humanism, peace and other universal values and, finally, adherence to the practice of rational dialogue, compromise and non-violence

That's a long tradition. There have been 120 Nobel Peace Prize winners since 1901 - many of the prizes have been shared, such as that between Israeli leader Menachem Begin and Egypt's Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat in 1978 or Frederik Willem De Klerk and Nelson Mandela's in 1993.

We have produced a breakdown of winners - which you can see in the graphic above. The top lines of it are:

• 23 of the 120 have been won by institutions • The US has produced the most winners - 28 so far, including Barack Obama last year. It's followed by the the UK with 15 • This is China's first Nobel Peace Prize • The vast majority of winners are men

Last year we made some pretty dumb technical errors with this list - as a result, it's been comprehensively checked by our readers.

Let us know if we've missed anything - or what you can do with the data.

Nobel Peace Prize winners

Click heading to sort

Institution or individual?
1901 Jean Henri Dunant Switzerland Yes Ind. M
1901 Frédéric Passy France Yes Ind. M
1902 Élie Ducommun Switzerland Yes Ind. M
1902 Charles Albert Gobat Switzerland Yes Ind. M
1903 Sir William Randal Cremer UK No Ind. M
1904 Institute Of International Law Belgium No Inst  
1905 Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita Von Suttner Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic) No Ind. F
1906 Theodore Roosevelt USA No Ind. M
1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta Italy Yes Ind. M
1907 Louis Renault France Yes Ind. M
1908 Klas Pontus Arnoldson Sweden Yes Ind. M
1908 Fredrik Bajer Denmark Yes Ind. M
1909 Auguste Marie Franois Beernaert Belgium Yes Ind. M
1909 Paul Henribenjamin Balluet D'estournelles De Constant, Baron De Constant De Rebecque France Yes Ind. M
1910 Permanent International Peace Bureau Switzerland No Inst  
1911 Tobias Michael Carel Asser Netherlands Yes Ind. M
1911 Alfred Hermann Fried Austria Yes Ind. M
1912 Elihu Root USA No Ind. M
1913 Henri La Fontaine Belgium No Ind. M
1914 No Award        
1915 No Award        
1916 No Award        
1917 International Committee Of The Red Cross Switzerland No Inst  
1918 No Award        
1919 Thomas Woodrow Wilson USA No Ind. M
1920 Leon Victor Auguste Bourgeois France No Inst  
1921 Karl Hjalmar Branting Sweden Yes Ind. M
1921 Christian Lous Lange Belgium Yes Ind. M
1922 Fridtjof Nansen Norway No Ind. M
1923 No Award        
1924 No Award        
1925 Sir Austen Chamberlain UK Yes Ind. M
1925 Charles Gates Dawes USA Yes Ind. M
1926 Aristide Briand France Yes Ind. M
1926 Gustav Stresemann Germany Yes Ind. M
1927 Ferdinand Buisson France Yes Ind. M
1927 Ludwig Quidde Germany Yes Ind. M
1928 No Award        
1929 Frank Billings Kellogg USA No Ind. M
1930 Lars Olof Nathan (Jonathan) Soderblom Sweden No Ind. M
1931 Jane Addams USA Yes Ind. F
1931 Nicholas Murray Butler USA Yes Ind. M
1932 No Award        
1933 Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane) UK No Ind. M
1934 Arthur Henderson UK No Ind. M
1935 Carl Von Ossietzky Germany No Ind. M
1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas Argentina No Ind. M
1937 Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne UK No Ind. M
1938 Nansen International Office For Refugees Switzerland No Inst  
1939 No Award        
1940 No Award        
1941 No Award        
1942 No Award        
1943 No Award        
1944 International Committee Of The Red Cross Switzerland No Inst  
1945 Cordell Hull USA No Ind. M
1946 Emily Greene Balch USA Yes Ind. F
1946 John Raleigh Mott USA Yes Ind. M
1947 Friends Service Council (Quakers) UK Yes Inst  
1947 Amer. Friends Service Cttee (Quakers) USA Yes Inst  
1948 No Award        
1949 Lord John Boyd Orr Of Brechin UK No Ind. M
1950 Ralph Bunche USA No Ind. M
1951 Leon Jouhaux France No Ind. M
1952 Albert Schweitzer USA No Ind. M
1953 George Catlett Marshall USA No Ind. M
1954 Office Of The United Nations High Commissioner For Refugees Geneva Switzerland No Inst  
1955 No Award   No    
1956 No Award   No    
1957 Lester Bowles Pearson Canada No Ind. M
1958 Georges Henri Pire Belgium No Ind. M
1959 Philip J. Noel-Baker UK No Ind. M
1960 Albert John Lutuli South Africa No Ind. M
1961 Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjold Sweden No Ind. M
1962 Linus Carl Pauling USA No Ind. M
1963 International Committee Of The Red Cross Switzerland No Inst  
1964 Martin Luther King Jr. USA Yes Ind. M
1964 League Of Red Cross Societies Switzerland Yes Inst  
1965 United Nations Children's Fund (Unicef) USA No Inst  
1966 No Award   No    
1967 No Award   No    
1968 Rene Cassin France No Ind. M
1969 International Labour Organization (ILO) Switzerland No Inst  
1970 Norman Borlaug USA No Ind. M
1971 Willy Brandt Germany No Ind. M
1972 No Award   No    
1973 Henry A. Kissinger USA Yes Ind. M
1973 Le Duc Tho (Declined prize.) Viet nam Yes Ind. M
1974 Sean Macbride Ireland Yes Ind. M
1974 Eisaku Sato Japan Yes Ind. M
1975 Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov USSR No Ind. M
1976 Betty Williams UK Yes Ind. F
1976 Mairead Corrigan UK Yes Ind. F
1977 Amnesty International UK No Inst  
1978 Menachem Begin Israel Yes Ind. M
1978 Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat Egypt Yes Ind. M
1979 Mother Teresa India No Ind. F
1980 Adolfo Perez Esquivel Argentina No Ind. M
1981 Office Of The United Nations High Commissioner For Refugees Switzerland No Inst  
1982 Alva Myrdal Sweden Yes Ind. F
1982 Alfonso Garcia Robles Mexico Yes Ind. M
1983 Lech Walesa Poland No Ind. M
1984 Desmond Mpilo Tutu South Africa No Ind. M
1985 International Physicians For The Prevention Of Nuclear War USA No Inst  
1986 Elie Wiesel USA No Ind. M
1987 Oscar Arias Sánchez Costa Rica No Ind. M
1988 The United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces USA No Inst  
1989 The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) Tibet No Ind. M
1990 Mikhail Gorbachev USSR No Ind. M
1991 Aung San Suu Kyi Burma No Ind. F
1992 Rigoberta Menchú Tum Guatemala No Ind. F
1993 Frederik Willem De Klerk South Africa Yes Ind. M
1993 Nelson Mandela South Africa Yes Ind. M
1994 Yasser Arafat Pal Occ Terr Yes Ind. M
1994 Shimon Peres Israel Yes Ind. M
1994 Yitzhak Rabin Israel Yes Ind. M
1995 Joseph Rotblat UK Yes Ind. M
1995 The Pugwash Conferences On Science And World Affairs Canada Yes Inst  
1996 Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo East Timor Yes Ind. M
1996 José Ramos-Horta East Timor Yes Ind. M
1997 Jody Williams USA Yes Ind. F
1997 International Campaign To Ban Landmines USA Yes Inst  
1998 John Hume UK Yes Ind. M
1998 David Trimble UK Yes Ind. M
1999 Médecins Sans Frontières France No Inst  
2000 Kim Dae-jung South Korea No Ind. M
2001 Kofi Annan Ghana Yes Ind. M
2001 United Nations USA Yes Inst  
2002 Jimmy Carter USA No Ind. M
2003 Shirin Ebadi Iran No Ind. F
2004 Wangari Muta Maathai Kenya No Ind. F
2005 Mohamed Elbaradei Egypt Yes Ind. M
2005 International Atomic Energy Agency Austria Yes Inst  
2006 Grameen Bank Bangladesh Yes Ind.  
2006 Muhammad Yunus Bangladesh Yes Ind. M
2007 Al Gore USA Yes Ind. M
2007 Intergovern- mental Panel On Climate Change (IPCC) USA Yes Inst  
2008 Martti Ahtisaari Finland No Ind. M
2009 Barack Obama USA No Ind. M
2010 Liu Xiaobo China No Ind. M